Today Petrol Price 31-January-2021 Petrol Price in Kolkata, Today Petrol Rates in Kolkata :
Petroleum, also called crude oil, is a fossil fuel. Like coal and natural gas, petroleum was formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms, such as plants, algae, and bacteria. Over millions of years of intense heat and pressure, these organic remains (fossils) transformed into carbon-rich substances we rely on as raw materials for fuel and a wide variety of products.It consists of naturally occurring hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and may contain miscellaneous organic compounds. The name petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil. A fossil fuel, petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, mostly zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both intense heat and pressure.The use of petroleum as fuel is a major cause of global warming and ocean acidification. According to the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, without fossil fuel phase-out, including petroleum, there will be “severe, pervasive, and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems.
31-January-2021 Petrol Price in Kolkata
Petroleum, in one form or another, has been used since ancient times, and is now important across society, including in economy, politics and technology. The rise in importance was due to the invention of the internal combustion engine, the rise in commercial aviation, and the importance of petroleum to industrial organic chemistry, particularly the synthesis of plastics, fertilisers, solvents, adhesives and pesticides.
More than 4000 years ago, according to Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus, asphalt was used in the construction of the walls and towers of Babylon; there were oil pits near Ardericca (near Babylon), and a pitch spring on Zacynthus. Great quantities of it were found on the banks of the river Issus, one of the tributaries of the Euphrates. Ancient Persian tablets indicate the medicinal and lighting uses of petroleum in the upper levels of their society
31-January-2021 Petrol Rates in Today Petrol Rates in Kolkata
State-run Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroleum Corporation and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation account for the majority of fuel outlets in the country and other oil Companies , and review the rates of petrol and diesel on a daily basis. Any changes are implemented at fuel stations with effect from 6 am, so check today Petrol rates in Kolkata
|Kolkata||81.52 / L|
Today Petrol Rates in Kolkata –The Formation of Petroleum
Petroleum includes not only crude oil, but all liquid, gaseous and solid hydrocarbons. Under surface pressure and temperature conditions, lighter hydrocarbons methane, ethane, propane and butane exist as gases, while pentane and heavier hydrocarbons are in the form of liquids or solids. However, in an underground oil reservoir the proportions of gas, liquid, and solid depend on subsurface conditions and on the phase diagram of the petroleum mixture.
An oil well produces predominantly crude oil, with some natural gas dissolved in it. Because the pressure is lower at the surface than underground, some of the gas will come out of solution and be recovered (or burned) as associated gas or solution gas. A gas well produces predominantly natural gas. However, because the underground temperature and pressure are higher than at the surface, the gas may contain heavier hydrocarbons such as pentane, hexane, and heptane in the gaseous state. At surface conditions these will condense out of the gas to form “natural gas condensate”, often shortened to condensate. Condensate resembles gasoline in appearance and is similar in composition to some volatile light crude oils.
Oil Companies in India
The production of Oil is the standard for the growth of economy in many ways and works as the backbone of Indian economy. Different oil and gas companies in India have been vigorously contributing towards the fast growth of the economy of India.
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
Gas Authority of India (GAIL)
Reliance Petroleum Limited
Essar Oil Limited
Oil India Limited (OIL)
They even offer business opportunities to many raw material suppliers as well as they are great source of fuel supplies. Most of the oil and gas companies in the country are Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) organised by Indian Government.